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9個公式告訴你如何做好照明設計
更新時間:2019-01-14   瀏覽:

  如下圖所示,照明設計在建筑和室內設計的表現中起到畫龍點睛的神奇作用,當照明開關打開的那一瞬間,就像素面朝天的女主播坐到攝像頭前打開了美顏濾鏡一般。

光與材料在室內設計和建筑設計中是一體的,誰也不能離開誰

  當然,并不是只要打上燈光效果就能立竿見影,這還是需要精心設計的,照明設計不是女主播的美顏相機,弄不好就會適得其反。

  材料是空間和建筑的主體,空間或者建筑設計師設計好的材料通過照明設計師的精彩搭配組合,整體上才會形成高層次感和視覺感染力的作品。

  如何在光與材料的搭配組合中找到一個平衡點呢?如果每次都必須找專業的照明設計師幫忙,那我們可憐的設計費將變得食不果腹。

  這種情況下將有以下兩種方法可以選擇:

  一:連哄帶騙找照明設計師朋友幫個“小忙”,完成后像很多甲方爸爸那樣找各種理由挑他的毛病,拒不付錢!

  二 :學習一些照明設計的基礎知識,認真讀完這篇文章,暗記下面的實用照明與材料設計公式!

  選擇第二種方法的朋友們請繼續往下看:

  1、白色啞光材料×漫反射光=柔和的空間

涂料:乳膠漆、馬來漆、真石漆等水性涂料。一般可以選擇光面或者啞光。

  間接照明:光源被結構或者裝飾造型遮擋,只透出柔和的光帶的照明形式。與之對應的是直接照明,即發光源直接暴露的燈具(例如一般家用吊燈),或者光源位于透光材料后,通過透光材料可以知道光源位置的照明形式(例如發光燈箱)。

  漫反射光:通俗地說光通過光源散射出來,擴散在四周的材料上,引起材料上光的多次反射擴散,達到整體提亮的照明效果。太陽光就是典型的漫反射光。

  2、白色高光材料×漫反射光=透明的空間

 3、黑色啞光材料×漫反射光=安靜的空間

 4、白色啞光材料×彩色漫反射光=奇幻的空間

  5、彩色啞光材料×白色漫反射光=熱鬧的空間

  6、鏡面材料×漫反射光=消除空間壓迫感

  7、木紋材料×漫反射光=親和力空間

 色溫:直白的說就是光的顏色。單位K(開爾文)。色溫越低,色調越暖;色溫越高,色調越冷。普通家用照明為3000K~4000K的暖光。

  8、凹凸材料×漫反射光=有節奏感的空間

  9、條形材料×條形光=有速度感的空間

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